Distance Learning Implementation in Malaysian and Indonesian Schools: Are City Schools More Superior to Increase Student Independence?


  • Nur Hamid Department of Islamic Community Development, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7447-5872
  • Rini Fatma Kartika Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Sa'diyah Sa'diyah Faculty of Islamic Religion, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Hanifah Mahat Department of Geography and Environment, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0756-6907
  • Lula Dwi Amara Faculty of Islamic Religion, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Rabiatul Adawiyah Faculty of Islamic Religion, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Elvara Norma Aroyandini Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9341-4912




Distance learning, Indonesia, Malaysia, Village School, City School


This study identifies and analyzes the processes and differences in distance learning implementation between city and village schools in Indonesia and Malaysia. Characteristics of students and teachers, distance learning facilities, ability to use technology, and parent's role in the learning process will be analyzed in depth. This research will simultaneously hypothesize the link between these factors and student learning independence. This research is a mixed methods research that combines quantitative and qualitative research. This research was conducted on elementary school students in Indonesia and Malaysia located in rural and urban areas, with a total sample of 240 students ranging from low to high grades. Apart from students, as many as 60 school academics consisting of principals, teachers, and staff were also interviewed to obtain more comprehensive data and data triangulation. Data was also collected through questionnaire techniques and direct observation. Quantitative data were analyzed using a qualitative-quantitative descriptive method, while qualitative data were analyzed using an interactive model. The study results show that the distance learning implementation between city and village schools experiences a slight difference with the rapid development of information technology. Of the four aspects studied, there are aspects in which village schools are superior to city schools. These four aspects are also investigated for their influence on student learning independence so that further research can be carried out regarding the correlation of these aspects to student learning independence.


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How to Cite

Hamid, N., Kartika, R. F., Sa’diyah, S., Mahat, H., Amara, L. D., Adawiyah, R., & Aroyandini, E. N. (2024). Distance Learning Implementation in Malaysian and Indonesian Schools: Are City Schools More Superior to Increase Student Independence?. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 14(3), 287–299. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.14.03.27

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